Upper School Applied Science & Engineering
Design. Tinker. Innovate.
The Applied Science and Engineering department at Menlo School seeks to develop a deep understanding of core skills and knowledge necessary to be successful in the fields of experimental science and engineering. The courses in this department offer students the opportunity to do real-world science and engineering. The predominant mode of learning is by doing. The courses are hands-on and designed to tap into the student’s passions. Students will apply and build upon knowledge learned in their standard math and science classes in the context of exciting and innovative projects. Along the way, students will learn essential and practical new skills used in today’s Silicon Valley. Students will learn design, optimization, and tinkering skills. Based in the School’s state-of-the-art Whitaker Lab, students have opportunities to work with cutting edge tools like microcontrollers, CAD, robotics equipment, laser cutters, and 3D printers. The courses employ an iterative method of learning while developing curiosity and building critical thinking skills along the way.
At-A-Glance: View the 2018-2019 Science and Applied Science and Engineering courses and prerequisites.
Applied Science Research (H)
This is a course for students interested in studying advanced topics in engineering and science, students who envision a career in science or engineering, and/or students who are curious about how things work. The first semester students will explore electric motors, atmospheric science, the engineering of space travel and a craftsmanship project. Specifically, students will build a multi-phase electric motor and launch a payload via weather balloon high above the Earth’s atmosphere into space. This course is student centered and student driven. Students have great latitude in their choice of the topics, experiments, and projects. Students will learn the design, prototyping process and how to take and analyze data in order to optimize their projects. Students will also learn how to read and write engineering and scientific papers. In the second semester, they will specialize on one topic of their choice. This can be a research an engineering project or a science project. Possible topics range from what makes a baseball curve, building 21st century prosthetics, green energy projects, to building a Tesla coil to particle physics to your idea. At the conclusion of the 2nd semester each student will write a science or engineering paper and give a final presentation at the Menlo Maker Faire.
Prerequisites: Complete Physics and Accelerated Chem with a B+ or Conceptual Chem with an A- or get permission from Dr. Dann.
Biotechnology Research (H)
The course provides a unique opportunity for students with self-discipline and a curious mind to learn cutting-edge lab techniques and to put those techniques to use in a major independent project. Class time is spent mostly on hands-on lab work. The first semester involves learning techniques in cell culture, molecular biology, bacteriology, immunochemistry and protein biochemistry, as well as learning to read and write scientific papers. In the second semester, students carry out an independent research project, either here at Menlo or off-campus in an academic or industry lab, by agreement between the student and mentor. As with AP courses, students will continue their work for this class through the first two weeks of May.
Prerequisites: Complete Chemistry and Biology and pass an application process through Dr. Weaver. Download application form here .
Design and Architecture
Design…the intersection of form and function…of art and engineering. In this hands-on, project-based course you will learn how to create functional solutions to problems with an aesthetic sensibility. You will learn about Design Thinking and the important role of empathy in solving difficult problems. Creative, qualitative solutions will take precedence over quantitative solutions, and your ability to work with a team and effectively communicate your ideas will be tested. In the second semester, the course will transition to architecture. Emphasis will be placed on the major architectural movements of the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, and you will learn about the iconic buildings and famous architects associated with these movements. The culmination of the class will be a final project that will incorporate much of what you learned throughout the year.
Prerequisites: This course is open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors.
Sustainable Earth Engineering
This is an interdisciplinary, project-based course in the Whitaker Lab on water, pollution, and energy. Students will design, build and test innovative projects pertaining to water creation and management, pollution mitigation and eradication, and sustainable energy.
The adventure will start with a study of water’s role in the rise and fall of civilizations throughout history and throughout the world, including our very own California. Students will design, build and study various innovations for water lifting, storing, and distribution. The adventure continues with a study of how plants and animals survive with little-to-no water in severe desert regions and how we can use these bio-engineered solutions for human survival. Next, we study the exponential growth of the human population and the increasingly negative impact on the planet. Drinking water is getting polluted, plastics are damaging our ocean ecosystems, and the planet is experiencing an unprecedented change in climate. We don’t stop there, however; we prototype solutions! The final topic will be the future of energy. Students will study all aspects of energy including production, transmission, storage, and consumption. Students will end the year with a deep dive project into the future of water, pollution, and energy as it pertains to our very survival by innovating solutions that will keep us thriving on planet Earth.
Throughout the course, students will do hands-on projects that will help them develop a much deeper understanding of the material. This work will force us to be creative and innovative, yet tempered with practicality.
Prerequisites: This class is open to juniors and seniors who have a passion for innovation, solving problems and thinking out of the box. Students will be required to be trained on various tools in the Whitaker Lab.
Exercise Physiology 2S
As an introductory course, students will have the opportunity to learn about various aspects of human physiology, biochemistry and neuromuscular processes and how they relate to human performance and nutritional demands during exercise performance in strength training and athletic competition. We will evaluate the dynamic nature of human physiology and biochemical factors that influence metabolism, sport performance and wellness; apply exercise physiology principles, including muscle, cardiovascular, and respiratory physiology to enhance human performance; understand musculoskeletal anatomy and common injuries of the foot, ankle, knee, hip, spine, shoulder elbow and hand and wrist; understand general medical conditions affecting the head, face, eyes, nose, ears and throat; understand macronutrients, water, absorption, digestion and metabolism and the role each serve in exercise and injury recovery; understand how to best define optimal nutrition for a physically active person relative to their sport; understand the pathophysiology and different mechanisms of sports injuries; understand principles of strength development, conditioning and recovery; understand exercise in the context of thermoregulation, fluid balance and rehydration.
Open to sophomores, juniors and seniors.
Interdisciplinary Course: This course combines biology and electronics using a hands-on, scaffolding approach. This approach is three-pronged: (1) perform experiments using electrodes to detect actual neuronal activity in a living system, (2) learn the underlying biology of how that aspect of the nervous system works, and (3) build mechanical and/or electrical models.
It is said that understanding the human brain is one of the last frontiers; this course you will take a step toward that goal. You will take an adventure that is thought only possible in fictional writing like Frankenstein and along the way you will learn electronics, experimental techniques and neurobiology. We will explore the fascinating topic of how the brain and peripheral nervous system work by studying the electrical signals that encode neuronal messages, how sensory inputs are detected and how motor outputs are executed, and how the brain processes and creates meaning of your experience.
By building models, doing experiments and studying the biology you will investigate the following in the first semester of the class:
How do your sensory neurons collect, encode and transmit information about your environment for you?
How do your motor neurons get activated and how do they control the contraction of your muscles, allowing you to respond to your environment?
How fast do signals actually travel within neurons?
How does the nervous system “tune out” a stimulus that continues for an extended period?
In the second semester, we will examine:
How does the brain create your perception of reality?
How do medicinal and recreational drugs alter neuron function?
How does learning work and what is memory?
What is going on when things go wrong (like schizophrenia)?
Prerequisites: Completion of Physics with a B or better or by special approval from the teachers. This is a junior level course, but sophomores and seniors are welcome.
Independent Study: Design Thinking and Tool Safety
This is a one-semester independent study course that can be taken in the fall or spring semester. This course can also be taken as a one-week course during August before school starts. Students will learn to use all the tools in the AAW lab.
This would allow the student to be fully tool shop certified before entering an ASE course. The advantage here is that the student will have full access to all the tools right away. In addition to tool certification, students will also be introduced to design thinking as a way to plan their projects. There are only three formal class meetings for the semester plus two check in meetings per month (most likely at lunch). Students are to work on their projects for at least 3 hours per week but can work in the tool shop as best meets their schedule (including the possibility of starting in early August). Students will learn how to safely and properly use all of the tools in AAW, which include table saw, miter saw, band saw, drill press, grinders and laser cutter. The student will learn about and use the various tools in the context of several projects, which they will design and build. At the completion of this course the successful student will be certified to use the various above-mentioned tools. At the end of the spring semester, students will display their creations at the Menlo Maker’s Fair.
This course is strongly recommended as a pre-requisite for students enrolled in or planning to enroll in Engineering, Robotics and/or Applied Science Research.
Independent Study: CAD with Autodesk Inventor Pro
Ever wonder how parts are designed? Desired to turn an idea into reality? Excited to get a head start on an important skill for your upcoming Applies Science class? Want an awesome industry-recognized certificate of proficiency? If you answered yes to any of these, then this independent study may be for you.
Computer-aided design, abbreviated as CAD, is a process of using computer software to design two-dimensional and three-dimensional models. These models can be used in assembly visualization, software-based simulations, models used for computer-based machining (CNC), and many other applications. Upon completion of the course, students will walk away with a good understanding and proficiency of Autodesk Inventor along with design principles that will empower students to create whatever their imagination can come up with. This course will also prep students to take the Autodesk Inventor Certified User exam which is an industry-recognized proficiency certification. This course is recommended for students who plan on taking any Applied Science based course in the future.
Students will use all the skills learned through the study to design and build a unique project to show off their new skills. Students will meet with Mr. Brian Ward throughout the semester to discuss questions and go over progress.
Prerequisite: Windows PC or Mac with Windows loaded via Boot Camp (or similar)
Cost: $100 (for exam fee)
Experimental Archaeology 1S
This is a semester long interdisciplinary, project-based course set mostly in our new outdoor classroom. The aim of the course is to explore how humans moved from the Stone Age into the Bronze Age by exploring Archaeology, Ancient History, Science, and Art.
Students will carry out a series of experiments over the semester to learn and replicate skills from fire lighting, flint knapping, to pottery making and bronze casting. Students need to be willing to get their hands dirty as many of the experiments will be carried out in an outdoor setting, and you will get dirty! At the same time we will look at how archaeologists work and we will learn about some of the most important archaeological sites and civilizations from around the world. The course will end with a simulated archaeological excavation and a final project in which the students will use the skills they have mastered to create an object from one of the civilizations covered in the course.
Open to sophomores, juniors and seniors.
Electrical Engineering 1S or 2S
Semester Long Course (although it is usually paired with Mechanical Engineering)
In this course you will amaze your friends, while you will dive into the fascinating world of electronics. You will learn how to solder, use capacitors, timing chips, work with solar energy and transistors in order to make a garden light and make laser trip wires to trigger scary things. You will learn how to amplify sound (op-amps). You will learn how to make electronic switches (transistors). You will learn how to move things (solenoids and linear motors). Most importantly you will develop critical thinking and problem solving skills in a real world setting by making cool stuff. There is very little nightly homework, but instead it is expected that you put in extra time each week in the lab to work on your circuits or major project. The culminating project for this class is a mussee mechachanique exhibit to be shown at the maker faire.
Prerequisites: Completion of Physics with a B or better or by special approval from Dr. Dann. This is a sophomore/junior level course.
Mechanical Engineering 1S or 2S
If you like to make things and break things, then this course is for you. This semester-long course will provide students with an introduction to mechanical engineering with an emphasis on hands-on activities and projects. We’ll take things apart to understand how they work, and we’ll apply what we learn to build things. Topics will include drafting, CAD using Inventor, dimensioning, tolerances, materials, fasteners, gears, bearings, actuators, and other mechanisms. Students will be introduced to the engineering design process, and they will learn about the role of mechanical engineers in industry. The course will take place in the Whitaker Lab and students will be trained on the majority of the tools in the lab.
Prerequisites: Earn a B in Physics or get permission from Mr. Allard.